Effect of diet on type 2 diabetes mellitus: A review

  • Waqas Sami a Faculty of Industrial Management, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 , Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia b Lecturer, Biostatistics, Department of Public Health & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Tahir Ansari Assistant Professor, Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Nadeem Shafique Butt Assistant Professor, Statistics, Department of Family & Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine in Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohd Rashid Ab Hamid Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Industrial Management, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 , Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, diet, knowledge, attitude, practices, complications

Abstract

Globally, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is considered as one of the most common diseases. The etiology of T2DM is complex and is associated with irreversible risk factors such as age, genetic, race, and ethnicity and reversible factors such as diet, physical activity and smoking. The objectives of this review are to examine various studies to explore relationship of T2DM with different dietary habits/patterns and practices and its complications. Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for rapidly rising incidence of DM among developing countries. In type 2 diabetics, recently, elevated HbA1c level has also been considered as one of the leading risk factors for developing microvascular and macrovascular complications. Improvement in the elevated HbA1c level can be achieved through diet management; thus, the patients could be prevented from developing the diabetes complications. Awareness about diabetes complications and consequent improvement in dietary knowledge, attitude, and practices lead to better control of the disease. The stakeholders (health-care providers, health facilities, agencies involved in diabetes care, etc.) should encourage patients to understand the importance of diet which may help in disease management, appropriate self-care and better quality of life.
Published
2017-04-09
How to Cite
Sami, W., Ansari, T., Butt, N., & Ab Hamid, M. (2017, April 9). Effect of diet on type 2 diabetes mellitus: A review. International Journal of Health Sciences, 11(2). Retrieved from https://ijhs.org.sa/index.php/journal/article/view/1604
Section
Reviews

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