Gastroesophageal reflux disease prevalence among school teachers of Saudi Arabia and its impact on their daily life activities
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common upper gastrointestinal disorder encountered in the elderly patient. It is highly prevalent worldwide with a prevalence of 10-20% in the western world. The health-related quality of life (HRQL) is lower in individuals with GERD than in the general population and is comparable to that in individuals with other chronic diseases. It has a considerable impact on the quality of the patientâ€™s life through its symptoms and economically by following consultation procedures and medical care. A few studies have been done in Saudi Arabia using general population as subject and have reported a very high prevalence.
Objective: (1) Estimation of gastro GERD prevalence among school teachers in Qassim region. (2) To assess the impact of GERD symptoms on teacherâ€™s daily life activity.(3) To compare prevalence and risk factors of GERD between age-groups and gender.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study that was conducted among 200 school teachers selected by multi-stage stratified random sample method in Qassim region during 2015. A reliable and valid self-administered GERD questionnaire for diagnosis of GERD was used. GERD-HRQL questionnaire was used to assess the impact of GERD on the patientâ€™s life quality. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences Version 20.0; Chi-square was used to test the association between GERD and sociodemographic data.
Results: The total number of the participants was 200 with an equal male to female ratio. 55% (116/200) of the participants reported with GERD. 53 point 5% of these (62/116) were female and 46.6% (54/116) were male. The commonest age group was 31-40 years with 45.5% (91/200) participants. 13/200 (6.5%) participants were smokers, of which only 15.9% were female. 41 point 3%(48/116) of the GERD +ve participants were having blood group O +ve 7.8% (9/116) of GERD participants reported symptoms which affected their daily life activity.
Conclusion: This study revealed a prevalence of GERD symptoms among 58% of school teachers. 7 point 8% of GERD participants reported symptoms which affected their daily life activities. These data indicate a need for a comprehensive approach to managing the GERD and related diseases and a more intensified level of awareness about GERD symptoms and its complications. In addition, a health care and preventive measure may be implemented to tackle the problem among school teachers.
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