Optic neuritis: Observation and experience at a tertiary care hospital in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia

  • Mohammad Jawad Alamgir Assistant Professor Neurology/medicine College of Medicine Qassim University KSA
  • Syed Abrar Ali
  • Nermin Aly Hamdy
  • Moin Zafar Khan
  • Elgamri E Mohammad
Keywords: Optic neuritis, multiple sclerosis, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Objectives: Optic neuritis (ON) can occur in isolation or association with multiple sclerosis (MS) or neuromyelitis optica. ON, is seen more commonly in Caucasians and interaction is found to exist between ethnic origin and the latitude at which the patient grows up. At present limited information is available about the profile of ON in Saudi patients.We aimed to analyze the records of ON patients, in regard to their presentation, natural history, treatment outcome, and risk and association with MS. Whether, ON in Saudi patients behaves differently from the Western and Asian patients?

Methods: In this retrospective observational study; we retrieved the data from the medical records of the patients with ON, who attended the ophthalmology and neurology services of King Fahad Specialist Hospital Buraidah, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia, from period 2006 to 2012.

Results: We recorded data of 60 patients of ON; 38 females (63.3%) and 22 males (36.7%). Color vision was affected in 66.7% of cases. Vision in the affected eye was 20/200 or worse in 74.97 % of our cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain revealed multiple lesions in 55% of cases; most of them developed MS on follow-up. Only 48.3% of patients had received systemic steroids. Vision improved in 85% of our cases.

Conclusion: Most of our patients had idiopathic ON, and almost 85% had good visual recovery, in this regard our study is comparable with such studies done in other Asian countries. On the other hand, 55% of our patients had multiple MRI brain lesions, a high risk and association of MS, almost similar to the Western Europe and North American ON patients.

Author Biography

Mohammad Jawad Alamgir, Assistant Professor Neurology/medicine College of Medicine Qassim University KSA
Assistant Professor medicine/neurology College of Medicine Qassim University KSA
Published
2017-10-24
How to Cite
Alamgir, M., Ali, S., Hamdy, N., Khan, M., & Mohammad, E. (2017, October 24). Optic neuritis: Observation and experience at a tertiary care hospital in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Health Sciences, 11(5). Retrieved from https://ijhs.org.sa/index.php/journal/article/view/1814
Section
Original Paper